Application of 2III7-3 fractional factorial experimental design to enhance enzymatic activities of Pleurotus ostreatus with high concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls.
A 2III 7?3 fractional factorial experimental design was used to establish 16 culture media, with and without PCBs to enhance the activities of laccase (Lac), manganese peroxidase (MnP), and versatile peroxidase (VP) produced by the white rot fungus Pleurotus ostreatus. The culture was added to 10,000 mg L?1 of transformer oil, containing 71% of the identified Arochlor 1242. The culture conditions were established with eight variables at two values (levels); pH (4 and 6), agitation (100 and 200 rpm), CuSO4 (150 and 250 mg L?1), MnSO4 (50 and 200 mg L?1), Tween 80 (13 and 3500 mg L?1), wheat straw (0 and 2.5 g L?1), sugarcane bagasse (0 and 2.5 g L?1),and Arochlor 1242 (0 and 7100 mg L?1) at 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20 days old culture. Laccase activity was enhanced at a high value of pH and low value of agitation (P < 0.001) and correlated positively (R2 = 0.9; ? = 0.05) with the removal of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). VP activity was enhanced 27-fold with PCBs, Tween 80 and pH. The MnP activity was increased 1.2-fold with PCBs. The fractional factorial experimental design methodology allowed us to determine the P. ostreatus culture media conditions to enhance Lac and VP activities for efficient removal of Arochlor 1242 (one of the most recalcitrant organochloride pollutants). The factors that shown the greatest effect on Lac activity were: pH, agitation and high concentrations of Arochlor 1242.