Mexican Bioethics Review ICSA Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo en-US Mexican Bioethics Review ICSA 2683-2062 Title Alejandro Pacheco-Gómez Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-05 2024-07-05 6 11 Editorial Comittee Alejandro Pacheco-Gómez Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-05 2024-07-05 6 11 Editorial Alejandro Pacheco-Gómez Copyright (c) 2024 2024-07-05 2024-07-05 6 11 Chromosomal disorders and Bioethics <p><em>The human being has approximately 30,000 genes, distributed in 23 pairs of chromosomes, giving a total of 46 chromosomes of which 23 correspond to each parent. Durin the process of cell division, both somatic and gametogenesis, spontaneous or induced accidents may occur that produce chromosomal anomalies or chromosomopathies that result from a grater or lesser amount of hereditary material and are the cause of some syndromes such as Down syndrome (trisomy twenty-one), but also of spontaneous abortions and diseases or problems in growth and development. In recent years, techniques have been developed with which chromosomal anomalies can be detected from a DNA sample that does not turn out to be non-traumatic for the mother or baby. Reason why the prevention and diagnosis of chromosomopathies has gained great relevance in maternal and child health care. However, these types of procedures have created ethical policies and legislation by virtue of the responsibility of paternal action on the fetus, in the presence of a chromosomal alteration that can culminate in disability or fetal or neonatal death. For this reason, the personal physician must seek to provide genetic counseling that guides parents in making decisions in accordance with their ideology, culture, and socioeconomic level, without leaving aside respect for the bioethical principles of the fetus, which is why that the development of international consensus that directs the implementation of genetic counseling is essential.</em></p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Arianna Omaña-Covarrubias Edwin Alonso Chávez Mejía Ana Teresa Nez-Castro Berta Pimentel Pérez Lydia López-Pontigo Copyright (c) 2024 Arianna Omaña-Covarrubias, Edwin Alonso Chávez Mejía, Ana Teresa Nez-Castro, Berta Pimentel Pérez, Lydia López-Pontigo 2024-07-05 2024-07-05 6 11 1 6 10.29057/mbr.v6i11.12448 Evolution of gestational surrogacy through the years and the new challenges for its implementation <p><span class="Resumen-AbstractCar"><span lang="EN-GB">Surrogacy is an alternative for women who want to start a family but cannot foe biological, surgical o pathological reasons. However, over time, the implementation of this procedure has presented too many obstacles, due to ethical and legal issues, since in many first world countries, uterine transplantation has come to be considered the best alternative to achieve conception. This without considering the treatment that surrogacy mothers usually receive, who in some cases are considered simple recipients. Many advances have been made as society, so it is necessary to maintain vigilance in how these types of alternatives are regulated to achieve the parenthood so desired by many couples. For this reason, the dignified and respectful treatment of women who offer their bodies to achieve the parenthood, nor to mention medical, psychological, and social support, are essential during this process.</span></span></p> Arianna Omaña-Covarrubias Erick Emmanuel Reyes-Barrios Ana Nez-Castro Edwin Alonso Chávez Mejía Berta Pimentel Pérez Lydia López-Pontigo Copyright (c) 2024 Arianna Omaña-Covarrubias, Erick Emmanuel Reyes-Barrios, Ana Nez-Castro, Edwin Alonso Chávez Mejía, Berta Pimentel Pérez, Lydia López-Pontigo 2024-07-05 2024-07-05 6 11 7 11 10.29057/mbr.v6i11.12044 The Intersection of Bioethics and Disability Right <p>The intersection of bioethics and the rights of people living with disabilities&nbsp;is complex and multifaceted, touching on issues of autonomy, justice, dignity, and quality of life. The intersection has&nbsp;led to&nbsp;debates that focus on healthcare, informed consent, genetic screening, and end-of-life decisions,&nbsp;aiming&nbsp;to ensure that medical practices and policies respect the dignity and rights of disabled individuals&nbsp;while&nbsp;advocating for their inclusion and equitable treatment. Using the method of philosophical analysis, this study argues that&nbsp;integrating&nbsp;ethics of&nbsp;care in disability care would promote&nbsp;a framework that challenges discriminatory practices and enhances participation&nbsp;upholding&nbsp;the values of diversity and human rights in healthcare settings. This study concludes that&nbsp;the&nbsp;ethics of care ultimately seeks to foster&nbsp;the&nbsp;inclusion of people with disabilities in&nbsp;society&nbsp;and&nbsp;an&nbsp;ethical approach to healthcare for all individuals, regardless of their abilities.</p> Osebor Monday Ikecukwu Copyright (c) 2024 Osebor Monday Ikecukwu 2024-07-05 2024-07-05 6 11 12 16 10.29057/mbr.v6i11.13050 Violence against women and reproductive rights <p>Violence is a social problem that affects the most vulnerable groups, such as pregnant women, affecting their reproductive rights. In Mexico, efforts have been made to regulate this type of actions and the rights they have during pregnancy and when deciding to have an abortion have been promoted, with the intention that it is safe and does not affect their physical and emotional integrity. However, there is still a lack of awareness among medical personnel and society in general to improve women's health conditions.</p> Imelda Menchaca Armenta Víctor R. Miranda Lara Jessica Zaragoza Cortés Gilberto Luna Lugo Copyright (c) 2024 Imelda Menchaca Armenta, Víctor R. Miranda Lara, Jessica Zaragoza Cortés, Gilberto Luna Lugo 2024-07-05 2024-07-05 6 11 17 21 10.29057/mbr.v6i11.13092 Local Governance and Bioethics: The Challenges of Aging in Hidalgo, 1999-2024. <p>In a time when economic, social, health, and demographic circumstances demand renewed attention towards the most vulnerable sectors, the role of government in protecting and promoting the rights of the elderly becomes crucial. Precisely towards this guideline, the present study is directed. Through a qualitative methodology and a descriptive analysis, current federal and state laws are thoroughly reviewed, as well as the lines of action derived from state-level implemented public policies. This analysis is carried out from the gerontological perspective of public policies, which highlights the ethical and bioethical aspects involved in the changes in the country's population structure, emphasizing the vulnerability that age brings to the exercise of human rights and the economic conditions of older adults, as well as the significant barriers they face to achieve a dignified life through retirements or pensions. The research highlights the need for an ethical and bioethical stance for effective coordination among different levels of government and specialists in the well-being and care of the elderly, who are pivotal in the construction of comprehensive and effective social programs. The findings underscore the importance of these policies in promoting well being and guaranteeing the rights of older adults in our society.</p> Manuel Alexis Montiel Sánchez Marco Antonio Reyes Calva María del Refugio Acuña Gurrola Bertha Maribel Pimentel Pérez Lydia López-Pontigo Copyright (c) 2024 Manuel Alexis Montiel Sánchez, Marco Antonio Reyes Calva, María del Refugio Acuña Gurrola, Bertha Maribel Pimentel Pérez, Lydia López-Pontigo 2024-07-05 2024-07-05 6 11 22 32 10.29057/mbr.v6i11.13118