Mexican Journal of Medical Research ICSA <p>The Mexican Journal of Medical Research ICSA is the official medical research publication of the Área Académica de Medicina, Instituto de Ciencias de la Salud (ICSa) at the Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo (UAEH). The journal covers all the latest important developments in health sciences in the areas of experimental, clinical and epidemiological research. The Mexican Journal of Medical Research ICSA is a peer-reviewed, open access journal that publishes original research articles, review articles, and clinical cases in all areas of medical research. Manuscripts published in the journal are free of charge to authors.</p> Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo en-US Mexican Journal of Medical Research ICSA 2007-5235 Title Mario Ortiz Copyright (c) 2022 Mexican Journal of Medical Research ICSA 2022-01-05 2022-01-05 10 19 Editorial Committee Mario Ortiz Copyright (c) 2022 Mexican Journal of Medical Research ICSA 2022-01-05 2022-01-05 10 19 10.29057/mjmr.v10i19.8371 Pandemic Lessons Alejandro Efraín Benítez Herrera Copyright (c) 2022 Mexican Journal of Medical Research ICSA 2022-01-05 2022-01-05 10 19 1 2 10.29057/mjmr.v10i19.8369 Activity of a psychologist in a Medical Specialties Unit: Ambulatory Center for the Prevention and Attention of AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections. <p><strong>Introduction</strong>: The attention provided at Medical Specialties Unit (UNEME), Ambulatory Center for the Prevention and Attention of AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases (CAPASITS), the psychologist develops activities that strengthen the patients’ treatment, as a part of a multidisciplinary work. In this way, it becomes essential knowing the importance of the psychologist activities and how they get involved in the Public Health problems. <strong>Objective:</strong> To analyze the professional competencies that psychologists must possess and how they apply them in their activity at the UNEME CAPASITS <strong>Material and Methods</strong>: A descriptive bibliographic review was carried out. For the inclusion criteria, it was considered that they will report on: the development of professional skills of health psychologists, the activity of psychologists in public health institutions, development of professional skills of the psychologist and the objectives of health psychology. To search for information, the following keywords were used: health psychology, activity and professional skills. The bibliographic search was performed in the databases: EBSCO, ScienceDirect, Dialnet, PubMed, REdalyc, ResearchGate and pages from official sites: WHO and the National Center for the Prevention and Control of HIV and AIDS. <strong>Results</strong>: From the analyzed information it was found that the professional competencies that the psychologist must possess in the field of health are focused on the management of preventive strategies, use of health technologies, creation of plans and programs to promote a healthy lifestyle, evaluation and treatment as well as collaborative work. <strong>Conclusions</strong>: The UNEMES CAPSITS require that psychologists possess competencies such as: communication, use of information and communication technologies (ICT), research, evaluation for treatment, monitoring and creation of clinical records, in addition to: research for health and the dissemination of the results, especially in the treatments.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Mario Diego-Martínez Vanessa Caballero de Carranza-Ayala Copyright (c) 2022 Mexican Journal of Medical Research ICSA 2022-01-05 2022-01-05 10 19 3 9 10.29057/mjmr.v10i19.5725 Association between Dating Violence and Traditional Gender Roles in Mans <p><strong>INTRODUCTION:</strong> The identification of violence inflicted by the intimate partner as a public health problem has shown a social, political and ideological advance. The aim of this paper was to investigate the relation between dating violence and gender roles in a male sample of Pachuca students. Literature has shown a strong relationship between gender roles at dating and violence inflicted by an intimate partner. <strong>MATERIAL AND METHODS:</strong> In order to find this association a correlational design was used. The scales used were: The Traditional Dating Roles Scale (alpha 0.96, 71.99% of explained variance) and the Dating Violence Instrument (alpha 0.90, 87% of explained variance) both created for Mexican population. The two scales were applied into a sample of 157 straight male participants (59 high school students and 98 university students). <strong>RESULTS:</strong> A high and negative association was found between Traditional Dating Roles (person, sexuality, active) and Dating Violence (verbal, blackmail, jealousy, control, social requirements, and humiliation). <strong>CONCLUSIONS:</strong> The stereotyped gender roles during dating have a positive aspect, for men, during dating relationships.</p> Rodolfo Cruz-López Melissa García-Meraz Copyright (c) 2022 Mexican Journal of Medical Research ICSA 2022-01-05 2022-01-05 10 19 10 15 10.29057/mjmr.v10i19.5730 Lifestyles and school performance of health sciences students <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>Lifestyles at the college stage involve fundamental changes in human development, which may have an impact on the school performance. The present work consists of a documentary review on the lifestyles of university students <strong>Objective</strong>: To identify the information that allows the evaluation of the lifestyles that are associated with the school performance of students of health sciences. <strong>Methodology: </strong>The research was carried out by using the keywords: lifestyles, school performance and students of health sciences, through PubMed and Crossref, in addition to the websites of public institutions, governments or organizations. The results of 20 studies were analyzed, which included a student population that was intervened through questionnaires about their lifestyles in school systems <strong>Results:</strong> It was found that students have unhealthy habits, 40% of students do not exercise, 90% of students consume junk food and 1 out of 5 students have mental health disorders. All of the above is striking, since being students of health sciences, it would be assumed that they practice healthy lifestyles, however, their knowledge has been little applied. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>Lifestyles and school performance are a problem that worries students, parents, teachers and authorities, not only in our country but also in other countries of the world.</p> Rosa Nayheli Villegas Delgadillo Salvador Manzur-Valdespino Copyright (c) 2022 Mexican Journal of Medical Research ICSA 2022-01-05 2022-01-05 10 19 16 23 10.29057/mjmr.v10i19.5731 Palliative care: Benefits when included early to treat cancer <p>This paper aims to understand palliative care (PC) when included as part of the treatment for patients with cancer and when there is no need to wait for the person to be in an advanced or terminal stage of the disease. Palliative care is considered as the care required by patients living critical stages of life. Therefore, palliative care should be included from the diagnosis phase of the disease in order to go hand in hand with treatment. This situation is of great importance, because as we are human beings, we have emotional, social, and spiritual needs so that we perceive ourselves in a wholesome way.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Rocío Candelario Santiago Edú Ortega Ibarra Ilse Haide Ortega Ibarra Copyright (c) 2022 Mexican Journal of Medical Research ICSA 2022-01-05 2022-01-05 10 19 24 28 10.29057/mjmr.v10i19.7156 Dissolution capacity of orange and eucalyptus oils versus endodontic types of cement (in vitro study) <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>Endodontic retreatment seeks reentry to the root canal system to remove all filling material, identification and correction of pathological or iatrogenic defects. <strong>Objective: </strong>This study aimed to compare the dissolving capacity of eucalyptus oil, orange oil, and distilled water versus three types of endodontic cements. <strong>Materials and methods: </strong>Two hundred and four stainless steel molds were fabricated, where each cement sample was placed to the edge and left to set in the incubator, simulating normal oral conditions for 7 days. Subsequently, the solubility of each cement was analysed by immersing the samples in eucalyptus and orange oil for ten minutes in a static and ultrasonic environment. The solubility of the cement was evidenced by the difference between the weight before and after contact with the oils, data were statistically analysed with the ANOVA test and the post hoc Tukey bootstrap means test with 1,000 repetitions. <strong>Results: </strong>The control group and eucalyptus oil having no significant effect (p&gt;0.05), the ultrasonic environment was found to be effective (p&lt;0.05), whereas orange oil had better dissolution effects (p=0.004). <strong>Conclusions: </strong>The most susceptible cement was Sealapex, while the least soluble was MTA-Fillapex in all the solvents studied.</p> Sebastián M. Ulloa-Alvarez María E. Guerrero-Coello José E. Torracchi-Carrasco Copyright (c) 2022 Mexican Journal of Medical Research ICSA 2022-01-05 2022-01-05 10 19 29 33 10.29057/mjmr.v10i19.7217 Allergic Rhinitis: keys for the clinician <p>Allergic rhinitis (AR) and asthma are the most common inflammatory diseases of the airways. According to the review of the literature, there is a prevalence of AR of 10-40% worldwide. AR is defined as a type I allergic disease caused by immunoglobulin E mediated inflammation. The symptoms include nasal congestion, watery rhinorrhea and sneezing. In most cases it is accompanied by ocular symptoms like ocular redness, tearing and itchy eyes. AR can have an influence on the quality of life in patients, for example: sleep disturbances, fatigue, irritability, depression, also affect the attention, learning and memory deficits. The classification of AR is seasonal AR, perennial AR, other classification is by duration of symptoms, like intermittent, persistent, also a severity classification, based on disturbances in quality life, proposed by the Allergic Rhinitis and Its Impact on Asthma (ARIA). The first steps in the diagnosis are the clinical history and physical examination of the patient. Also, the diagnosis can include laboratory tests like skin prick test and the determination of immunoglobulin E levels in serum. In the first line of the treatment there is the no pharmacologic changes in the patient’s life, emphasizing the avoidance of contact between the patient and the allergen, and the pharmacological treatment are the second-generation antihistamines, inhaled glucocorticoids and immunotherapy, also alternative treatments can be used like acupuncture, ginger extract and probiotic therapy. Allergic rhinitis represents a limitation in the daily activity of those affected, it affects their quality of life, interferes with their ability to sleep, as well as their life at work and school.</p> Gabriela Paola Campuzano-Revilla Copyright (c) 2022 Mexican Journal of Medical Research ICSA 2022-01-05 2022-01-05 10 19 34 40 10.29057/mjmr.v10i19.7739 Diagnostic assertiveness of cerebellar pilocytic astrocytoma in the pediatric age <p>Pilocytic astrocytoma of the cerebellum in the pediatric age is the most frequent benign tumor lesion of the nervous system in children according to the WHO. International literature mentions that being low-grade tumors they have a high curative capacity. If the entire tumor is resected, when it is completely removed, survival increases with a high quality of life for children who presented this pathology and was treated on time. However, the delay in diagnosis and therefore in its treatment could generate the possibility of tumor transformation, the malignant nature of the transformed injuries has a very high morbidity and mortality, without mentioning that the degree of cognitive sequelae greatly affects the quality of life of the survivors. That is why the training of pediatric and non-pediatric first contact doctors imply a great responsibility since it gives the population and patients suffering from this nosology the possibility to improve their future life, as well as reduce the cost of the impact caused by the injuries they suffer. On the other hand, these tumors can transform generating devastating prognoses, without taking into account the economic and social repercussions of patients suffering from a low-grade tumor. When it is detected and treated assertively in a timely manner, it offers them greater opportunities than those who did not have such a timely diagnosis.</p> Ana L. Pichardo-Ávalos Copyright (c) 2022 Mexican Journal of Medical Research ICSA 2022-01-05 2022-01-05 10 19 41 47 10.29057/mjmr.v10i19.7766 Inflammation in Cancer Development <p>Inflammation plays an important role to the development of cancer and promotes all stages of tumorigenesis. Cancer cells, as well as inflammatory cells, carry out reciprocal interactions to form an inflammatory tumor microenvironment (TME). Cancer cells within the TME are highly able to change their phenotypic and functional characteristics. Here, we review the relationship between inflammation and infection in cancer origins, and the mechanisms whereby inflammation and infection drive tumor formation. We discuss how infection promotes tumorigenesis related to inflammatory processes typically found in autoimmune diseases, release of inflammatory mediators induced by tumors, inflammation induced by therapy in cancer, and stimuli for induction of inflammation during tumorigenesis, including spatiotemporal considerations. A better understanding of the fundamental rules of engagement that govern the molecular and cellular mechanisms of tumor-promoting inflammation will be essential for further development of cancer therapies.</p> Víctor M. Muñoz-Pérez Raquel Cariño-Cortés Iris C. López-Santillán Andrés Salas-Casas Copyright (c) 2022 Mexican Journal of Medical Research ICSA 2022-01-05 2022-01-05 10 19 48 51 10.29057/mjmr.v10i19.8112 Depressive disorders in childhood <p>Depression is one of the main psychiatric disorders that prevails during childhood and adolescence. The causes are multifactorial, of which the following stand out: traumatic events, the social development environment, genetics and brain chemistry accompanied by some anatomical and functional alterations. The consequences can be serious in the long term and can even contribute to the problem if it is not identified and referred promptly or lead to suicide, once the diagnosis has not been effective. The treatment for depression is complex and includes drugs and cognitive-behavioral therapy. This article aims to help first contact physicians to diagnose in a timely manner to act in situations that may endanger the patient with this condition, and therefore refer to specialists.</p> Elva J. Corona-Olivera Copyright (c) 2022 Mexican Journal of Medical Research ICSA 2022-01-05 2022-01-05 10 19 52 58 10.29057/mjmr.v10i19.7812