Perceived Organizational Support-Betrayal: Measurement model in mexican workers

Keywords: Social Exchange, Reciprocity, Factorial Analysis, Validity


The aim of the study was to evaluate the dimensionality of the Survey of Perceived Organizational Support (SPOS) in Mexican population, in order to add evidence of construct validity of the results that are inferred from the instrument. The investigation was carried out in three phases. In the first Phase, participated 260 workers, with an Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) two factors were identified, in which the main factor grouped Support items, and in the other factor items were found that theoretically can be classified as Perceived Organizational Betrayal. In the second Phase, participated 498 Mexican workers, through a Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) a bifactorial theoretical measure of perceived Support-Betrayal was carried out. The adjustment of two measurement models was compared: the original one-dimension instrument, which presented no evidence of adjustment; while the two-dimensional measurement model did present an acceptable fit. In the third Phase, correlational analyzes were carried out with Organizational Commitment and Turnover Intentions that presented significant correlations. It is necessary to continue reviewing the original questionnaire under the complete theoretical model and continue to show evidence of the constructs that are to be measured, in order to have increasingly solid, valid, reliable and complete interpretations of the results of this approach of social exchange in the organizations


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Author Biography

Emmanuel Martínez-Mejía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Profesor de Tiempo Completo en la Facultad de Psicología de la UNAM.


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