Una revisión general de las estructuras metal-orgánicas (MOF) dentro de la química inorgánica

Palabras clave: Estructuras metal-orgánicas, MOF, ligantes orgánicos, iones metálicos de transición

Resumen

Las estructuras metal-orgánicas (MOF) son materiales porosos con arreglos espaciales ordenados de aspecto cristalino y están formados por ligantes orgánicos y iones o cúmulos metálicos. Este tipo de compuestos han sido estudiados durante algunas décadas, debido a los diversos campos de aplicación en donde se han involucrado. La principal razón para su estudio es la gran variedad de ligantes orgánicos y iones metálicos generalmente de transición que pueden ser utilizados para su síntesis, generando un gran número de variables en la geometría (2D o 3D) que controla el tamaño de poro de estos compuestos. Este artículo es una revisión general de las características significativas, los tipos de estructura y métodos sintéticos más importantes usados en la actualidad para MOF, además se mencionan algunas de sus aplicaciones más relevantes dentro de la química inorgánica.

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Publicado
2020-07-18
Cómo citar
Villegas-Fernández, M. H., Carpio-Granillo, M., Vargas-Hernández, E., Zuno-Cruz, F. J., & Sánchez-Cabrera, G. (2020). Una revisión general de las estructuras metal-orgánicas (MOF) dentro de la química inorgánica. Pädi Boletín Científico De Ciencias Básicas E Ingenierías Del ICBI, 8(16). https://doi.org/10.29057/icbi.v8i16.5775