Self-medication in ophthalmologic problems. What is known about it?
Self-medication (SM) refers to any practice for curative purposes that is not prescribed by a physician. It includes the use of conventional or allopathic medicine (CM) and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). In the case of ophthalmologic ailments, this division can also be seen, within CM, the use of anesthetics, analgesics and topical antibiotics, for the treatment of mainly traumatic pathologies, to save time and money, advised by their close circle, but always with the risk of not improving, abusing the medication, producing toxicity, masking the condition and giving an incorrect treatment. CAM highlights the use of biological therapies due to the variety of products that have been documented, such as chamomile, tea leaves, garlic, sage, etc. But also the use of mind-body therapies, manipulative and body-based methods; and energy therapies such as acupuncture; there are many more pathologies for which they are used compared to CM, and they resort to it precisely because of the lack of results of CM, the sources of information are usually similar and although they seem harmless, they are not innocuous. In general, it is a subject that is little addressed, but is relevant due to the risks involved. This manuscript seeks to provide an overview so that medical personnel remain expectant and in each intervention detect the areas of opportunity that reduce this practice.
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