Epidemiology of burns in patients of a Pediatric Hospital

  • Martha M. Bautista Rivas Hospital del Niño DIF
  • Nancy L. Córdova-Rivera Hospital del Niño DIF
  • Jesús Gómez-Ibarra Hospital del Niño DIF
  • Lizbeth Moctezuma-Lugo Hospital del Niño DIF
Keywords: Children; Treatment; Frequency, Burns

Abstract

Burns in the pediatric age is a public health problem, apart from the risk of dying, they can let functional and aesthetic sequels, which cause psychological, social, family and work problems throughout life. Using secondary sources (medical records), we performed a descriptive, quantitative, and observational studies, in order to determine the frequency of burns in children treated at the Hospital del Niño DIF Pachuca Hidalgo. We retrospectively studied 171 medical records covering a period from January 2005 to December 2010, in which it was found that males had the highest incidence of this trauma, in terms of age, children aged younger have the highest risk of a burn, getting more frequent in the age of 0-4 years. Regarding the degree of burn, the most common was of 2nd degree, caused by chemical and thermal reasons mainly. It was found that only one patient died and 6 were transferred to tertiary hospitals. Dicloxacillin and ketorolac were the most commonly used in most cases. We observed that children who come to our hospital suffering from burns, these vary in length, depth and in the cause which creates them. Also, a good percentage of children treated presented squeals. This could have cosmetic, psychological and functional consequences in children, so patients must be treated from a multidisciplinary perspective.

References

[1]WHO. The injury chartbook: a graphical overview of the burden of injuries. Geneva. 2002. pp. 28–31.

[2]International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision, Version for 2006. http://www.who.int/classifications/apps/icd/icd10online/

[3]Annual incidence (000s) for selected causes, in WHO Regions (a), estimates for 2004. http://www.who.int/healthinfo/ global_burden_disease/estimates_regional/en/index.html

[4]Boletín del Sistema Nacional de Vigilancia Epidemiológica. 2009. Volumen 26. Número 25. Semana 25. Páginas 1-3.

[5]Boletín del Sistema Nacional de Vigilancia Epidemiológica. 2009. Volumen 26. Número 27. Semana 27. Páginas 1-4.

[6]Sheridan RL. Burns. Crit Care Med 2002; 30:S500-14.

[7]Hettiaratchy S, Dziewulski P. ABC of burns. Introduction. BMJ 2004;328: 1366-8.

[8]Bocanegra-Cedillo IE, Garza-Alatorre AG, Barragán-Lee JR. Quemaduras en niños: Frecuencia y distribución de las lesiones. Rev Mex Pediatr 2008; 75; 65-67.

[9]Cuenca-Pardo J, de Jesús Alvarez-Díaz C, Comprés-Pichardo TA. Related factors in burn children. Epidemiological study of the burn unit at the "Magdalena de las Salinas" Traumatology Hospital. J Burn Care Res. 2008; 29: 468-74.

[10]Gandhi M, Thomson C, Lord D, Enoch S. Management of pain in children with burns. Int J Pediatr. 2010; 2010: 1-9.

[11]D'Avignon LC, Hogan BK, Murray CK, Loo FL, Hospenthal DR, Cancio LC, et al. Contribution of bacterial and viral infections to attributable mortality in patients with severe burns: an autopsy series. Burns. 2010; 36: 773-9.
Published
2015-01-05