Actions to prevent obesity and promote good health in adolescents enrolled in a rural Mexican High School.
Currently the investigation carried out in the physiology of exercise has produced new discoveries about the effect of physical activity, related to reversing the swelling process produced by overweight and obesity in the body, as well as, a balanced diet. Objective: Develop a nutritional and aerobic activity proposal in order to prevent and / or reverse the condition of overweight and obesity that occurs in adolescents enrolled in the Autonomous University of Hidalgo State - High School Huejutla campus. Methodology: Somatometric data was engaged in the population study which are included: Size, BMI, Waist Circumference, Arm Circumference. Subsequently, they were categorized according to the nutritional status of each individual and the proposal for a high diet in antioxidants. It was established with the purpose to reduce the level of oxidative stress and systemic inflammation to prevent future metabolic complications. Results: According to the categorization of adolescents with respect to the body mass index in percentiles, 6.6% (6) are underweight, 71.71 % (71) normal weight, 18.18 % (18) overweight, 4.4 % (4) in obesity. Conclusion: In the present study, several nutritional diets were developed, as well as an aerobic exercise plan to prevent and maintain the good development of adolescents enrolled in the ESH High school. It also emphasizes that prevention and good health of the entire population is very important, since today in Mexico and the world the main chronic degenerative diseases are caused by overweight and obesity.
Lee A, Cardel M, Donahoo WT. Social and Environmental Factors Influencing Obesity. In: Feingold KR, Anawalt B, Boyce A, et al., editors. Endotext [Internet]. South Dartmouth (MA): MDText.com, Inc.; 2000-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK278977/
Secretaria de Salud-Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública-México [Internet]. Encuesta Nacional de Salud y Nutrición de Medio Camino 2016 (ENSANUT MC 2016). 2016. [Cited March 10 2019] Available from: https://www.gob.mx/cms/uploads/attachment/file/209093/ENSANUT.pdf
Jung UJ, Choi MS. Obesity and Its Metabolic Complications: The Role of Adipokines and the Relationship between Obesity, Inflammation, Insulin Resistance, Dyslipidemia and Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014;15(4): 6184–223.
Watson RR, editor. Nutrition in the prevention and treatment of abdominal obesity. 2nd ed. London, United Kingdom: Academic Press; 2019.
Otten JJ, Hellwing JP, Meyers LD. The Essential Guide to Nutrient Requirements. In. Otten JJ, Pitzi-Hellwing J, Meyers LD, editors. Dietary Reference Intakes: 6th ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. 2006: 94-101.
Ascencio Peralta C. Cuadro Dietosintético. In: Ascencio Peralta C, editors. Elementos fundamentales en el cálculo de las dietas. México: Manual Moderno; 2011: 67-80.
Astrup A, Larsen MT, Harper A. Atkins and other low-carbohydrate diets: Hoax or an effective tool for weight loss? Lancet. 2004;364(9437): 897–9.
LoMauro A, Cesareo A, Agosti F, Tringali G, Salvadego D, Grassi B, et al. Effects of a multidisciplinary body weight reduction program on static and dynamic thoraco-abdominal volumes in obese adolescents. Appl. Physiol. Nutr. Metab. 2016;41(6): 649-58.
Monteiro PA, Chen KY, Lira FS, Saraiva BT, Antunes BM, Campos EZ, et al. Concurrent and aerobic exercise training promote similar benefits in body composition and metabolic profiles in obese adolescents. Lipids Health Dis. 2015;4:153.
Freedman MR, King J, Kennedy E. Popular Diets: A Scientific Review. Obes. Res. 2001;9(S1):1S-5S.
Probst YC, Guan VX, Kent K. Dietary phytochemical intake from foods and health outcomes: A systematic review protocol and preliminary scoping. BMJ Open. 2017;7:1-9.
Ireton-Jones CS. Ingesta: Energía. In: Mahan KL, Raymond Janice, editors. Krause. Dietoterapía. 14th ed. Barcelona: Elsevier; 2017: 105-44.
Becerril-Sánchez ME, Flores-Reyes M, Ramos-Ibáñez N, Ortiz-Hernández L. Ecuaciones de predicción del gasto de energía en reposo en escolares de la Ciudad de México. Acta Pediatr. Mex. 2015;36: 147-57.
Donnelly JE, Blair SN, Jakicic JM, Manore MM, Rankin JW, Smith BK. American Collage of Sports Medicine Position Stand. Appropriate physical activity intervention strategies for weight loss and prevention of weight regain for adults. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 2009; 41(2): 459-71.
World Health Organization. [Internet] Global health risks: mortality and burden of disease attributable to selected major risks. 2019. [Cited November 10 2019] Available from: https://extranet.who.int/iris/restricted/handle/10665/44203
World Health Organization. [Internet] A guide for population-based approaches to increasing levels of physical activity: implementation of the WHO global strategy on diet, physical activity and health. Report of A. Geneva, Switzerland: 2007. [Cited November 10 2019] Available from: https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/43612
Secretaria de Salud [Internet]. Guía de Alimentos para la Población Mexicana. 2010 [Cited March 10 2019] Available from: http://www.imss.gob.mx/sites/all/statics/salud/guia-alimentos.pdf
World Health Organization. [Internet] THE GLOBAL BURDEN OF DISEASE. Report of A. Geneva, Switzerland: 2008. [Cited November 10 2019] Available from: https://www.who.int/healthinfo/global_burden_disease/GBD_report_2004update_full.pdf
World Health Organization. [Internet] Preventing chronic diseases: a vital investment: WHO global report. Report of A. Geneva, Switzerland: 2005. [Cited January 10 2020] Available from: https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/43314
World Health Organization [Internet] Physical Activity [Cited January 21 2020] Available from: https://www.who.int/es/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/physical-activity
Jhonson JA, Jhonson AM. Urban-rural differences in childhood and adolescent obesity in the united states: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Child. Obes. 2015;11(3):233-41.
Lata-Sharma M, Kumar-Sharma A. Prevalence of obesity and overweight amongst adolescents in rural and urban areas of Rajasthan. International J. Med. Heal. Res. 2017;3(9):1-7.
Vaquero-Álvarez M, Romero-Saldaña M, Valle-Alonso J, Llorente-Cantarero FJ, Blancas-Sánchez IM, Fonseca-Del Pozo FJ. Study of obesity in a rural children population and its relationship with anthropometric variables. Aten Primaria. 2019;51(6):341-49.
Zhang YX, Wang ZX, Zhao JS, Chu ZH. Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity among Children and Adolescents in Shandong, China: Urban–Rural Disparity. J. Trop. Pediatr. 2016;62(4):293-300.
World Health Organization. [Internet] Physical status: the use and interpretation of anthropometry. Report of A. Geneva, Switzerland: 1995. [Cited January 21 2019] Available from: https://www.who.int/childgrowth/publications/physical_status/en/
Moreno-Villares JM. Alimentación Infantil y Salud en el Adulto. In: Rivero-Urgell M, Moreno-Aznar LA, Dalmau-Serra J, Moreno-Villares JM, Aliaga-Pérez A, García-Perea A. et al, editors. Libro Blanco de la Nutrición Infantil en España. 1st ed. España: Prensas de la Universidad Zaragoza; 2015: 141-83
Santos-Labrador RM. Mediterranean Diet in Teenagers: Relation to their gender, place of residence, physical activity level and self-perceived health. Nutr. Clin. y Dieta Hosp. 2018;38(2):86-91.
Lozano-De la Torre MJ. Alimentación en el prescolar, escolar y adolescentes. In: Gómez-Candela C, De Cos-Blanco AI, editors. Nutrición En Atención Primaria. 4th ed. Madrid, España: Novartis;2001: 77-90.
Ekelund U, Yngve A, Brage S, Westerterp K, Sjöström M. Body movement and physical activity energy expenditure in children and adolescents: how to adjust for differences in body size and age. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 2004;79(5):851-6.
de Oliveira DC, Rosa FT, Simões-Ambrósio L, Jordao AA, Deminice R. Antioxidant vitamin supplementation prevents oxidative stress but does not enhance performance in young football athletes. Nutrition. 2019;(63-64):29-35.
Mankowski RT, Anton SD, Buford TW, Leeuwenburgh C. Dietary Antioxidants as Modifiers of Physiologic Adaptations to Exercise. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 2015;47(9):1857-68.
Copyright (c) 2020 Mexican Journal of Medical Research ICSA
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.