Correlation between periodontal disease and complications due Covid-19
COVID-19 became a pandemic that affected all health sectors, both public and private. In the area of dentistry, the main concern is centred on the growing dangers of the production of aerosols by dental procedures in daily practice. In addition to this, the scientific community has recently analysed the direct potential risk of the presence of periodontal disease with the increase in the severity of COVID-19. The objective of this work is to talk about a new SARS-CoV-2 virus, delving into those risk indicators as main elements to understand the role of the virus in the pathogenesis of periodontitis, remembering that periodontitis is the second leading cause of tooth loss in adults. This work aims at updating health professionals, retaking the importance of prevention and control of oral health, as well as of COVID-19. There are few findings in the literature on the direct relationship between both diseases, taking into account the different strains of the virus discovered and its changing symptomatology, scientific and clinical research has had delays in accessing more extensive information regarding this subject; however, one of the main pieces of evidence lies in the role that the oral cavity plays in the periodontal health of the patient's tissues, since these could serve as entrances for the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, in addition to the pro-inflammatory state subdued by cytokines within periodontal disease that could contribute to the development of severe forms of COVID-19.
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