Osteoma in the temporomandibular joint (Case report)

(Clinical case)

Keywords: Osteoma, Temporomandibular Joint, Jaw


Osteomas are benign slow growing osteogenic tumors mostly arising in the craniofacial region and characterized by the deposition of differentiated and mature either or both cancellous and compact bone. Osteoma accounts for 2-3% of all bone primary tumors with an incidence of 10-12% among all benign skeletal neoplasms. Objective: The objective of this work is to describe a clinical case of an osteoma in the temporomandibular joint diagnosed in the maxillofacial surgery service of the General Hospital of Pachuca in the State of Hidalgo, Mexico. Clinical Case: A 39-year-old female patient who comes to the General Hospital Pachuca, Mexico due to pain and noises in the right preauricular region of 6 years of evolution, with facial asymmetry, mandibular deviation to the left and limited mouth opening. Clinically, facial asymmetry, mandibular deviation to the left, right posterior crossbite, anterior open bite mainly on the affected side, preauricular pain, joint sounds, and limitation of mandibular movements were observed. Radiographic examination revealed a trapezoidal mass measuring 2.5 by 2.0 cm, with alteration of the condyle-mandible anatomy on the right side. An insertional biopsy is performed, reporting an osteoma, and surgical intervention is continued. Conclusion: The osteoma in the temporomandibular joint is a rare lesion, its timely value is essential for its treatment. Surgical resection is the gold standard treatment, which is based on a radical excision that extends to the altered normal bone, with the contextual objective of achieving an optimal aesthetic result by choosing the least invasive surgical treatment possible.


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How to Cite
Monroy-Mendoza, E. Y., & Barrera-Vera, H. (2023). Osteoma in the temporomandibular joint (Case report). Mexican Journal of Medical Research ICSA, 11(21), 32-38. https://doi.org/10.29057/mjmr.v11i21.8967